Tahdhib-al-Afkar http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa <p><iframe src="https://tahdhibalafkar.com/" width="100%" height="950"> </iframe></p> en-US Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2411-6211 مذاہب عالم کے مقدسات کی تکریم کی قرآنی تعلیمات اورعصری انسانی سماج:ایک تحقیقی مطالعہ http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/60 <p>Islam is the last and universal religion. Its teachings are based on peace and prosperity. Islam gives human beings the full right to choose any religion. All Human beings are free in religious festivals, preserving their sanctuaries and living in accordance with their culture.The Holy Prophet (PBUH) and the caliphs established the principle that Non-Muslims and their holy books, shrines and sacred sites shall be respected and protected in a Muslim society. Muslim society followed this divine teaching. The lives of Non-Muslims and there sacraments are safe in an Islamic society till today. The core aim of this article is to make a research regarding respect for the Sacraments of Worldly religions in a Muslim Societyin the Light of Seerah of the Holy Prophet.</p> Dr. Ahmad Raza Dr. Hafiz M.Arshad Iqbal Rabia binte Sajjad Ahmad Saeedi Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-05 2021-01-05 7 2 01 18 سیرتُ النبی ﷺ سے متعلق قلمی کتاب "الاصطفاء لبیانِ معانی الشفاء" کا تاریخی و تحقیقی جائزہ http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/61 <p>Manuscripts are considered as an authentic source of the life of Holy Prophet Muḥammad (S.A.W). The early Muslim historians recorded the life of the Holy Prophet Muḥammad (S.A.W) in this manner. While the later chronologist benefitted these manuscripts. Whenever someone talks about the life of Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) in the manuscript “al-Istif a̅’ libaya̅n Ma ̒ a̅ni̅ al-Shifa̅” which is Manus scripted in 935 (A.H) has a discriminate manuscript in all over the world. The first version of this manuscript is available in Turkey, second in Egypt while third is accessible in Dublin (Ireland).The author of this manuscript Shamsuddi̅n Muḥammad al-Dalji̅ (d. 947 A.H) is a renowned religious figure in Egypt, who is consider to be a great leading scholar of Arabic language. This manuscript has a treasure knowledge about social, political and religious life of the Holy Prophet Muḥammad (S.A.W). Besides this manuscript has left a great impact on our lives and it is one of our assets in the field of recorded life of the Holy Prophet Muḥammad (S.A.W). Now the researcher intended to translate, analysis and contextualized this specific manuscript in order to deliver it to common man. Thus, it will create a prodigious impact in the field of Fiqh-ul- Seerah.</p> Abdul Ullah Prof. Dr. Zia Ullah Al-Azhari Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-05 2021-01-05 7 2 19 34 اسلام کا نظام حسبہ اور عصر حاضر میں اس کی معنویت http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/62 <p>This is the specialty of Islam to protect the system of justice, peace and honor of people and make the society free from all kinds of evils.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; A country, where the Islamic system along with its approved recommended principles is promulgated, restlessness, disturbance, disorder and all kinds of brutalities would be eradicated there automatically, because Islam is the religion of world peace and harmony comprising standardized and comprehensive instructions for each branch of life.Islam has not compelled the state to run its state Governance by establishing a few institutions but specified the objectives of the states that had authorized the rulers to establish such institutes according to the prevailing conditions and needs which may run the state system in the light of the Shari principles.For achieving the mentioned goals and objectives, the Monitoring system of Islam came into existence which has the authority to regulate the state system according to the instructions of Shariah and make the national institution strong and effective so that the institutions are directed to the correct direction and the problems of the public are solved easily.The individual and collective life of the public should be in line with the principles of Sharia`h so that a peaceful and comfortable society is established.Being an institute of general nature, all official institutions are related to monitoring system. Neither an individual nor any institution is out of the impact of the monitoring institute wherever, good deeds and well-being are being ignored there monitoring will lead to promote good deeds and wherever there is the fear of the spreading of bad deeds there monitoring will be engaged in its eradication. The paper also recommendsthat the monitoring system implementation in modern era will help in improving the quality of such Services in line with the teaching of Islam.</p> Dr. Nizam uddin Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 35 50 خانہ کعبہ سے متعلق مارگولیتھ کے خیالات کا تنقیدی جائزہ http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/63 <p>“Khᾱna Ka‘aba”. Generally Orientalist’s have tried to blemish the intellection and phantasm of Islam. They have often part forth the magnificent and splendid teachings of Prophet Muḥammad s.a.w as well as the glory of Islam to a criticism malafide .One among the list of the narrow-minded and biased Orientalist is D.S.M<strong>ᾱ</strong>rgoliouth; who has some vague and baseless accusations regarding “Khᾱna Ka‘aba” .Therefore this article is anxious to clarify three allegations of D.S.M<strong>ᾱ</strong>rgoliouth about “Khᾱna Ka‘aba” and conclude that the three allegations are in affectious, ineffectual and worthless and futile about Khᾱna Ka‘aba Moreover D.S.M<strong>ᾱ</strong>rgoliouth is partial and biased in his view about “Khᾱna Ka‘aba”</p> Prof. Dr. Atta ur Rahman Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 51 68 مالی معاملات میں خطرات کا انتظام خیارطلب کا خیار شرط کےساتھ موازنہ http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/64 <p>Protection of wealth is one of five major objectives of Islamic Sharῑ‘a and no one can claim that every person of the society is expert in doing financial transactions. So, those who do not have the expertise of buying and selling have the risk to be deceived by someone.To avoid or minimize this type of risk, Islam gives the concept of Option<em> (Khiy</em><em>ᾱ</em><em>r) </em>which protects those who do not have good decision making power or who are not experts of the field of trade and business while making any financial contracts as Sharia option <em>(Khiy</em><em>ᾱ</em><em>r)</em> means to choose or to select the retaining or rejecting of transaction. In this paper, the concept of Sharia option has been concisely discussed that how it is beneficial in financial risk management.</p> Imran Ullah Khattak Prof.Dr. Shah Mohuddin Hashmi Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 69 76 علوم اسلامیہ میں تغیرات اور مفروضہ کی پہچان اور صحیح استعمال کا جائزہ http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/65 <p>In this article, variables, hypotheses and assumptions have been made the subject of research because they are the backbone of any research. This is often mistaken for not knowing the types of variables or the relationship between these variables is not stated. For variables, it is necessary to first identify it and then describe the relationship between them, and if these can be tested, then it becomes the hypothesis. The same mistake has been made in the case of hypothesesthat its types are not recognizedand that's why most researchers are worried. And most importantly, researchers generally do not distinguish between hypotheses and assumptions and do not know what the two are.</p> Dr. Irfan Ullah Dr. Muhammad Ayaz Dr. Amir Nawaz Khan Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 77 90 بیداری ملت اسلامیہ: وقت کا اہم تقاضہ اور ذمہ داریاں http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/66 <p>In modern age the dialogue between Islamic world and the Western countries over fundamental disagreements in worldviews has occurred quietly, behind the controversies. In the short term, whether Muslims find a voice in Western culture depends on the success they achieve in developing their ideas.WesternThinkers have opinion that Muslim countries and leadership should not fear globalization and should seek to benefit from all the means of progress in Some Islamic leaders do promote the goal of internationalization and globalization. But in modern age the designs have been circulating in the Islamic culture science, economics and wealth. In his opinion, Muslims world should be careful to protect themselves from the negative effects of this kind of expansion, remaining aware of the danger of being dissolved in the world and losing their identity .The significance and value of every scientific idea depend upon its practical value in life. In this article we throw light on the Western, s different way of attack on Muslim world .The lack of real Islamic leaderships, struggle for freedom and defenceom Muslim nation .The scientific and modern technic development of media war, armed attack on Muslim world the terms of terrorism, economics and wealth, electronic networks and individualized media has made new cultural pathways possible for enclave Muslims. After the Second-World-War, Western scholars have been discussing and studying various religions and publishing their findings. Imitating them, we also followed the same course and chose certain aspects of our holy religion as the subject of discussion and-debate about East and Weast culture .At least they make the policies to promot only Weastern objects and thought.</p> Ghulam Yousaf Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 91 104 جرح و تعدیل میں شیخ ناصر الدین البانی ؒ کے منہج کا تحقیقی جائزہ http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/67 <p>Science of Jarha-o-Tadel is a means of preserving the text and authenticity of a hadith.&nbsp;This knowledge is unique to Muslims.&nbsp;Through it, the circumstances of millions of narrators of hadith have been recorded.&nbsp;Thanks to this knowledge, it is a matter of pride for Muslims today that the collection of hadiths available to the Ummah of Muhammad meets the standard of research and criticism. The former ummah has not been able to do this in a good way due to which the teachings of their Prophets are almost non-existent and what exists is found in a distorted form.&nbsp;With the passage of time, this knowledge continued to innovate and this knowledge continued to develop further.&nbsp;Many well-known narrators have passed away in this knowledge.&nbsp;Shaykh al-Albani is also one of those muhaddithin who has dedicated his life to the service of hadith. In this article, his principles regarding Jarha-o-Tadel collected and discussed, but he compiled a set of principles, which he named Tamam al-Manna.&nbsp;He mentions some other principle in his various compilations, which will be mentioned here together.</p> Anwar ul Haq Dr. Mohammad Shahid Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 105 120 فؤاد سزگىن(1924۔ 2018ء) كى فقہ اسلامى مىں خدمات : تارىخ التراث العربى كے تناظر مىں اىك تحقىقى مطالعہ http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/68 <p>Prof. Dr. Fawad Sezgin is a well-known contemporary researcher who was originally from Turkey but lived in Germany for a long time. Since he was a student of Hellmut Ritter, a German Orientalist, most of his research work is in German. He served as the Head of the Institute of Historical and Islamic Studies at the University of Goethe, Frankfurt.At the same time, he completed the book "Geschichte des Arabischen Shrifttums", meaning the history of the Arab heritage. This great project was started by Carl Brockman's famous book "Geschihte der Arabischen Litteratur", meaning the history of Arabic literature. However, it later became a separate permanent book. This book gives an excellent overview of the capital of various sciences and arts in Arabic language from the beginning to the 330 h. The main purpose of the book is Quran, Hadith, History, Fiqh, Beliefs, Sufism, Poetry, Dictionary, Syntax, Rhetoric, Medicine, Zoology, Chemistry, Botany, Agriculture, Astronomy, Astronomy, Relics, Philosophy, Logic To introduce the work of Muslims and Arabs in various fields such as ethics, politics, sociology, geography, physics, geology and music and to point out the Arabic manuscripts found in these sciences all over the world. The Arabic translation of this book has been published many times under the name of Tarikh al-Tarath al-Arabi, meaning the history of Arabic heritage. It is only a matter of reviewing the work of Fawad Suzgin on his jurisprudence. What were the motivations for Dr. Fawad Sizgin's accumulation of valuable Islamic jurisprudence, and what effect did this have on jurisprudential discussions? And did Fawzi Sizgin work on Islamic jurisprudence in the context of Orientalist thought? In this article attempt these questions expiation.</p> Dr. Zainab Amin Dr. Muhammad Zahid Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 121 144 دورِحاضر کےچند مشہورمستشرقین اوران کےاہداف: ایک تحقیقی جائزہ http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/69 <p>Allah s.w.t۔says in Holy Qurᾱn: Indeed, Islam is the only religion in the sight of Allah s.w.t۔Only Islam has enlightened the people by removing the darkness of disbelief andpolytheism and waved its flag of truthfulness in east and west۔ But opponents of Islam did not tolerate it and stood up against Islam۔ There was a time when enemies of Islam tried to erase Islam with combat forces۔ When the military strengths and powers converted crusades, then Mujᾱhidῑn with bare swords became the brand of Islam that all the others powers came toits end. When the Jews and Christians could not override the strength and power of Islam, then they kepton craft plotting against Islam۔ They put their leaders in the field for so called investigations (teḥqῑq) regarding Islamic thoughts, culture and history to taint the clean and spotless face of Islam and to attack Islam from all the angles. These investigations initiated an ideological war which is so far continued۔ and these investigations backed the rise of “Orientalism”۔ Orientalism and Orientalists is a strong link in the chain which is the union of Judaism and Christianity۔</p> Dr. Shahid Amin Dr. Gulzar Ali Dr. Mumtaz Khan Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 145 164 اول"کئی چاند تھے سرِ آسماں"میں اسلامی عناصر http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/70 <p>Shams-ur-Rehman Farooqi is a well-known Urdu writer. He is also known as a novelist, short story writer, poet and critic at the same time. In this novel, a complete map of the cultural life of the subcontinent has been drawn. In this novel, Islamic history and civilization have also been included among other factors. In particular, it has a complete map of the Islamic way of life of Muslim characters. This article is written with this theme in mind.</p> Dr. Muhammad Rahman Dr. Mutahir Shah Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 165 174 عربی زبان میں اصولِ تفسیر قرآن پرعلماء خیبر پختونخوا کی منتخب تصانیف کا ایک تجزیاتی مطالعہ http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/83 <p>The Holy Quran is the final source of Divine Guidance for humanity. Religious scholars have subjected the text of the Holy Quran to interpretations since its revelation. A number of books have been composed to explain the methods and principles to investigate and comprehend the message of the Holy Quran. The principles of Quranic hermeneutics is a constituent part of Uloom-ul-Quran (Quranic Sciences); in the Quranic Sciences, Pakhtoon scholars have made considerable accomplishments. This study focuses on eight Arabic books, dealing with the exegetical principles of the Quran. It provides the succinct biographies of the authors and critically examines their academic contribution. This brief evaluation suggests that Pakhtoon scholars have authored invaluable books which will continue to facilitate the comprehension of the Divine Message.</p> Fazal Ahad Dr. Janas Khan Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 175 199 مساقات علوم البلاغة وأساليب تدريسها في "الدرس النظامي" بين الواقع والمأمول http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/71 <p style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span style="font-size: 11.5pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">Religious seminaries in Pakistan play a vital role in the promotion of Arabic Language, its dissemination and molding of the religious ethos. Being important centers for the proliferation of the Arabic Language these seminaries have specific Curriculum and methodology for the teachings of Arabic language and Literature. The aim of this research paper is to investigate the approved Curriculum of Wifaq-ul-Madaris board for the teachings of Arabic Rhetoric, and to examine the teaching methods adopted by this board for the teachings of this approved Curriculum. It is found that Curriculum of Arabic Rhetoric and its teaching methods in the mainstream Wifaq-ul-Madaris are not meeting the requirements of the modern era. Keeping in view the importance of Arabic Rhetoric and its teaching methods, the present study undertakes the solid and fragile features of both Curriculum and its teaching Methods and recommends suggestions to improve the existent curriculum and teaching methodologies of Arabic Rhetoric in Wifaq-ul-Madaris.</span></p> Dr. Zia ul Haq Dr. Yahya Khan Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Ibrar Ullah Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 201 218 ضوابط الترجيح في التفسير المظهري للشيخ ثناء الله باني بتي http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/72 <p>The services of Ulamas(scholar’s) regarding Tafseer-e- Quran and defence against efforts of its literal and contextual alterations by critics are، undoubtedly، matchless and remarkable.The main focus of all their struggles was to chalk out the rules for preferences of Tafseer-e-Quran so that the authentic and un-authentic interpretations may be distinguished. They disclosed real difference between preferences and dispreferences. As a matter of fact، in Tafseer-e-Quran and principles of Tafseer، these preferences occupy great importance.Actually،it is standard to accept and reject any opinion. This criterion has been followed by the interpreters through ages. Al-Sheikh Qazi Sana Ullah Pani Patti(D.1225 Hijrah) is the most prominent interpreter of the rules of Tafseer e Quran in subcontinent India. He exercised all these rules and regulations in his world famous Tafseer “Al Mazhari” which is a reliable blend of old and new Islamic sciences. These rules are basically concerned with the fundamentals of preferences of contextual reference ، primary sources and Arabic language and literature so to say.This research focuses Tafseer-e-Mazhari in connections with the rules for preferences and inductions. The research has been strengthened with various instances along with handsome critical analysis.</p> Muhammad Umar Kiyani Dr. Taj Afsar Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 219 244 أساليب البزار في نقد الأحاديث المتفردة وهي صحيحة في مسنده(مقارنة ودراسةتحليلية) http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/73 <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 115%;"><span style="font-size: 11.0pt; line-height: 115%; color: black; background: white;">This article aims to highlight the method of Al-Bazz</span><span style="font-size: 11.0pt; line-height: 115%;">ᾱ<span style="color: black; background: white;">r regarding critical study of prophetic tradition in the light of his famous books known as “Musnad Al-Bazz</span>ᾱ<span style="color: black; background: white;">r”A</span>ḥ<span style="color: black; background: white;">mad bin </span>‘<span style="color: black; background: white;">Amro Al-Bazz</span>ᾱ<span style="color: black; background: white;">r (Died: 292, AH) was a well-known scholar and expert in the field of prophetic traditions his age, he is known primarily for three works he contributed to Hadīth Sciences, the one of them is “Al-Ba</span>ḥ<span style="color: black; background: white;">r Al-Az</span>ᾱ<span style="color: black; background: white;">khir” which contains the narratives of the Prophet (PBUH). he collected in this book, not only that, rather he critically studied their Sanad (chain of transmitters) and Matn (text) according to the fundamentals of scientific study of Hadith (which was developed: established by Mu</span>ḥ<span style="color: black; background: white;">addith</span>ῑ<span style="color: black; background: white;">n), and further issued his rulings about every narrative he found defected<span lang="AR-SA" dir="RTL">.</span> The writer of this paper has focused on the critical study of Im</span>ᾱ<span style="color: black; background: white;">m Bazz</span>ᾱ<span style="color: black; background: white;">r’s opinion regarding the defect in prophetic traditions whether it is right as stated by his predecessor or not and has expressed his point of view after discussing the opinion of said author. The method adopted in this research paper is deductive and exemplary, therefore the discussion has supported by examples from the primary sources and with its evidences from other books of prophetic traditions.</span></span></p> Ubaid ur Rahman Dr. Muhammad Ilyas Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 245 258 Islamic Justice System in the Courts of Qᾱḍῑs http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/74 <p>For maintenance of internal peace, strong judicial system is required in every state. The judicial system is always responsible to decide the issues between the parties on the basis of law enforced. Judicial system was also recognized by Islam. All of the messengers were entrusted to decide the cases of the people on the basis of justice and equality between the subjects. The laws are fixed in Islam and that are Qurᾱn and Sunnah. The Islamic Judicial system is simple, the procedure prescribed by Islamic laws is easier and simple and a matter may be decided in a short time without falling into the technicalities. The simple procedure to present claim/suit, to hear other party, to require the parties to produce evidence in support of their respective contention and pass judgment/ to decide a case. This procedure could hardly take a couple of days. The judicial system of Islam is inexpensive because no money is required, no fee of the lawyers or court fee is required but the party will present claim and he will produce his witnesses/ evidence. Besides that the Islamic judicial system ensure complete equality between the parties as Qᾱḍῑ is deciding cases on the basis of divine law of Qurᾱn and similarly he is entrusted to decide on the basis of sunnah/ ahadith of the Holy prophet SWA being proved as symbol of justice. In the Islamic judicial system, Qᾱḍῑ is fully authorize to use his own senses by following the principles of ijthihᾱd where there arise a difficulty but even in ijthihᾱd he will follow Qurᾱn and sunnah and will deduce the matter from the holy Qurᾱn and sunnah. The judiciary was made separate from exceutive at the time of Ḥaḍrat ‘‘Umar R.A in order to make the judiciary fully independent and concentrated in the delivery of Justice. In the present paper the author has tried to point out the Islamic judicial system effective in the delivery of inexpensive and complete justice.</p> Aziz Ahmad Mian Muhammad Saleem Muhammad Zubair Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 01 13 The Concept of Mahr (Dower) According to Islamic Law http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/75 <p>The aim of this article is to study the concept of Mahr (Dower) among various other fundamental rights, which the wife enjoys in accordance with the teachings of Islam. The groom is presenting it to his bride or stipulated on the occasion of marriage ceremony. It shows the significance of dower in the contract of marriage. The research focuses on the way Islam promoted the issue of the dower and made it a right for the woman, so a marriage contract will not be valid without a dower. Here it particularly focuses on this right which affects the wife, the right to get a dower. This right is wife’s own exclusive right. Neither the father nor the guardian should interfere or take anything of it without her permission to do so.</p> admin admin Dr. Muhammad Zubair Muhammad 'Aqeel Khan Abdul Sammad Khan Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 15 22 Nᾱẓira Exam Taken Against 40 Percent Weightage at Primary Level http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/76 <p>Schooling primarily comprises three levels i.e. elementary, secondary, and tertiary. All levels have their own goals and objectives as per the needs of learners which are achieved through curriculum and guidelines appropriate to the age group of students. Elementary level correspondingly titled as the primary stage of education (Grade I-V in Pakistan) focuses on diverse indispensable skills and values required for shaping the personality of the child in the local, national and global context. Pakistan is an Islamic country having its curriculum for this level, builds upon religious knowledge, skills, and values besides others. Holy Qurᾱn being the fundamental guidance for humanity is an integral part of the curriculum and is included as Nᾱẓira (compulsory) at primary level carrying 40% weightage This study was conducted to find out students' achievement level against 40% weightage of Nᾱẓira Qurᾱn in historical perspective. The researchers followed the qualitative method and collected data from 20 schools at the class V level during the last two years. This study was based on document analysis in which data were collected from the school records located in the district under the Elementary and Secondary Education Department, Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and formerly analyzed manually using thematic analysis.</p> Aisha Shams ul ‘Arifῑn Dr. S. Tajmmal Ḥussaῑn Shᾱh Dr. Syed Na'ῑm Bᾱdshᾱh Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 23 34 Fundamentalism: An analysis under Politico-Religious Paradigm http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/77 <p>Religious fundamentalism is a concept still understudied in political science: both theoretical viewpoints and concepts are indeed designed mainly for sociological, theological and philosophical analyses. Fundamentalism is a dynamic phenomenon. Religious fundamentalism implies an ideological view of faith, presently associate with different manifestations of extremism and violence even terrorism. Love and tolerance is trained by all the primary religions but empirical evidences show a little of such practises. A fair portion of researches is of the opinion that religions are responsible of discrimination. Suggestions that this relationship is simply curvilinear and likely a result of variations in intrinsic/extrinsic religious preference are questioned. Current investigations highlighted that search relationship with bigotry and fundamentalism was particularly significant in under a connotation with right wing authoritarianism. Basic aim of the analysis is to highlight the root cause of fundamentalism. To pursue the stated objective methodological study is conducted. The study concluded that it is not the religion but the manner in which the follower of that religion hold their beliefs that are synonymous with bias driven toward fundamentalism.</p> Dr. Sajid Hussain Dr. Muhammad Ayaz Khan Ejaz Khan Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 35 48 Dark Aspects of Emotional Intelligence: How can it be improved in the Light of Islamic Perspective? http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/79 <p>Emotional intelligence is a worthy construct associated with career accomplishments, acquisition and everyday life. It energizes all human activities. There are assorted conceptions of emotional intelligence which have unveiled diverse components of emotional intelligence. The main aspects are recognition and regulation of emotions. This study is pointed to appraise the dissemination of the levels of various factors, to ascertain the weakest facet and to highlight it in the Islamic viewpoints. The Davies, Stankov and Roberts conception was used as a base for investigation and Wong and Law Emotional intelligence Scale as instrument for collecting information. The outcomes provided that on the average most of the learners were weaker on the ‘regulation of emotions.’ Regulations of emotions include the capacities of being patience, optimism, self-control, persistency, adaptability, marinating relations, civility etc. Islam has provided ample guidelines on all these facets to grip one’s emotions effectively, therefore, stakeholders are opined to seek guidance from it.</p> Dr. Asfandeyar Fida Dr. Abdul Ghaffar Dr. Mohammad Niqab Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 49 61 Islam & Values of Modernity: A Study of Ziauddin Sardar http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/80 <p>The advent of modernity demanded Muslim scholarship need to produce such thinking which can work as foundation for the critical thinking in Muslim societies for survival against the charges of modernity against Islam. Since the time Muslims confronted modernity and its values, there have been voices who understood that traditional approaches and interpretations are not appropriate to cope with the problems, modernity posed to Islam. The sacred message can be well defended by re-reading, and re-interpreting it according to the needs of modern Muslim societies. This purpose could be achieved through one of the core Islamic values, the notion of Ijtihad, which has been misperceived by orthodox Muslim scholars. One of such voices is Zia Uddin Sardar, a case, who leads a pack of like-minded modern Muslim intellectuals. Sardar tries to create an alternative future for Muslim societies by starting a new discourse in Islamic thought. For him Islam just provides the direction to how to live and move forward. It provides with us the vision of just and equitable society, invites for the reflection, thought and discovery. Sardar proposes the same kind of liberation for Islam as Christianity went through. We need to be as simple and have as inclusive an approach as possible. Shar‘ῑah, being an ethical framework, does not change but the Islamic law continues to change and evolve, he writes. We can't just denounce and criticize what is bad in Islamic tradition but we also need to come up with a solution.</p> Dr. Mohammed Shafiq Dr. S Naqeeb Hussain Shah Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 7 2 63 77 An Analysis of Pakistan’s Role in US Dialogue with Ṭalibᾱn http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/81 <p>The paper analysis the US talks with Ṭalibᾱn since they attacked on Afghanistan and eliminated Al-Qᾱ‘eda in October 2001. The piece of study highlights the role played Islamabad in patching up both Ṭalibᾱn and American for dialogue to come up with a peaceful solution to the US War in Afghanistan. Washington always uses divers’ players for holding talks with Ṭalibᾱn including, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Germany, UAE and the Afghan government to achieve its objective. The study found that the US never sincere in their move of dialogue with the radical forces in Afghanistan. The study also come to the conclusion that the different actors’ involved by the US has their own interests to pursue rather than achieving US interests. Additionally, Washington never gave free hand to any one of the actors to hold talks with Ṭalibᾱn. These factors are responsible for blocking the way of peace in the graveyard of Empires.</p> Sumayya Feroz Mian Muhammad Saleem Shehla Naeem Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-01-07 2021-01-07 7 2 79 93