Tahdhib-al-Afkar http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa <p><iframe src="https://tahdhibalafkar.com/" width="100%" height="950"> </iframe></p> en-US Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2411-6211 علامہ صابونیؒ اور صفوۃ التفاسیر میں ان کا منہج : ایک تحقیقی جائزہ http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/89 <p>The Holy Quran is complete code of life for all mankind. Its teachings cover all sphere and corner of life. The practical pattern of the Holy Qur'an is the beautiful way of the last Prophet of Allah, Muhammad (S.A.W). Islamic scholars have written different Tafaseer to illustrate its teachings, commandments and subjects. Some are old Tafaseer while the others have been written in the contemporary era. One of these present Tafaseer is Safwat al tafaseer which is written by Muhammad Ali Saboni. It is written in Arabic language. Its methodology is unique and excellent. It is not so long nor so short. Actually it summary of some well-known Tafaseer as: Tafseer e Tabri, Tafseer e kashaf, Tafseer e Qurtubi, Tafseer e Rooh ul Maani, and Tafseer e Ibn e kaseer. The present research paper explains the methodology which is adopted by the author Muhammad Ali Sabooni in his Tafaseer Safwat al Tafaseer.</p> Haroon ul Rasheed Dr. Najmulhassan Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-08-04 2021-08-04 01 13 انسداد جرائم کے لئے مختلف تہذیبوں میں مقرر سزاؤں میں تسلسل کا پہلو:آیات قرآنیہ کے تناظر میں ایک تحقیقی جائزہ http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/90 <p>Peace is the basic unit of the social survival without maintaining the peace process, the society can neither be established nor developed. The importance of peace proves from the teachings of Ibrahim A.S when he asked Allah for peace before livelihood. He prayed for the peace in the Holy city of Makkah. In every civilization we see that there is a solid solution in controlling of crimes. In this article, the Quranic teaching have been presented in scholarly manner. Similarly, the teachingso of other civilization before Islam being mentioned in the Quran have also been discussed.</p> Dr. Mohammad Adil Mian Mohammad Saleem Dr. Karim Dad Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-08-04 2021-08-04 15 27 ذخیرہ اندوزی سے متعلق اسلامی تعلیمات : ایک تحقیقی مطالعہ http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/91 <p>Islam is a religion of nature. The true spirit of Islamic teachings is that business should continue in a natural way, the balance between supply and demand should not be disturbed. This is because trade planning is done in the same way. But if there is a situation where the production of a commodity is less than the need of the society or the supply is less than the demand nationally and internationally, then there is no investment. The owner or trader buys the goods from the market and stores them or the goods are already in his warehouses but he withholds them despite the dire need and does not sell them in the market so that the demand increases and people are forced to meet basic needs. It is monopoly and hoarding to be forced to buy goods at very high prices against the natural law of business. This is done by those who are hard-hearted, hard-hearted, and exploitative and fill their coffers by taking unfair advantage of people's compulsions. It is based on the fact that Islam seeks economic development as well as moral, religious and spiritual instruction, without which it is not possible to establish a welfare state. Therefore, the acquisition of wealth in Islam It is not permissible to be unruly and to distinguish between halal and haraam. In order to keep the economy clean and free from monopolies, hoarding is prohibited in Islamic teachings. It is the responsibility of an Islamic government to intervene and stop this process. The need is to help the needy in such difficult situations by following Islamic teachings and not the necessities of life. Sell ​​at a higher price.</p> Dr. Mohammad Zafar Iqbal Jalali Mohammad Rifaqat Ali Hafiz Mohammad Naveed Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-08-05 2021-08-05 41 52 إقطاعی نظام سے جاگیردارانہ نظام تک کا تدریجی عمل http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/92 <p>The term “Iqta” is exclusively an Islamic concept of distributing land. During the era of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), the land has been distributed as Iqta for the purpose of rehabilitation and to win the hearts of the various tribes of that times. The very first implementation was executed when a Jewish tribe was exiled, and its land was distributed to the immigrants and some poorindividuals. In addition, the conquered land was also distributed to the deserving ones.The first caliph, Hazrat Abu Bakar also followed the same trend as adopted by the prophet. In contrast, the second caliph Hazrat Omer discouraged the idea of feudalism and the sale and purchase of the land were banned. He believed that the captured and other such lands should be the property of the state rather than individuals. In the times of the third caliph, Hazrat Usman eased the policy due to certain reasons and paved the way for feudalism. This led to the emergence and establishment of the feudal system all over the Islamic States. The likely reason was the conquerors were influenced by the traditions and civilizations. Later, the Islamic State expanded to Egypt, Syria, Iran and Rome where the Kingdom Rule was in-placedwith the built-in feudalism.</p> Dr. Adiba Sadique Dr. Khadija Aziz Sadia Rahman Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-08-05 2021-08-05 41 52 زغلول النجار اورسلطان بشیر محمود کی انسانی کلووننگ پر سائنسی تاویلات کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/93 <p>Cloning is the process of copying from one living thing to another. In the Holy Qur'an, Allah Almighty informed about the change in human creation about 1400 years ago. Therefore, some contemporary scholars of the Qur'an and science have scientifically interpreted some verses related to human cloning .This article analyzes the scientific Exegesis of&nbsp; Dr. Zaghlool Raghib Muhammad Al-Najjar and Sultan Bashir Mahmood regarding human cloning.This article covers five topics&nbsp; includingg literal explaination of word Taghyeer in the first section, the&nbsp; opinions of the majority of Exegetists )Mufassireen(&nbsp; regarding the related Verses in the second, scientific exegesis&nbsp; of&nbsp;&nbsp; Zaghlul al-Najjar in the third, scientific exegesis of Sultan Basheer Mahmood in the fourth, and analytical study in the fifth. In the analytical study, Zaghlul Al-Najjar and Sultan Bashir Mahmood's collection of verses in scientific exegesis on the subject of human cloning, argumentation from Hadith and Commentators, differences and similarities in the interpretations of the two scientific Commentators, the views of the contemporary scholars of the Holy Quran &amp; Modern Science about the subject and the objectives mentioned in the related Verses have been analytical analyzes in the given article.</p> Mohammad Saqib Dr. Rab Nawaz Dr. Mumtaz Khan Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-08-05 2021-08-05 53 65 برصغیرپاک وہندمیں مسلمانوں کےتعلیمی اداروں کا جائزہ http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/94 <p>Education has always been a crux of the question round the world. Similarly, Muhammad (PBUH) have also said that seeking knowledge is the duty of every man and women. Keeping importance of the said scenario in view, Muslims established hundreds of educational institutions in the Sub-Continent of Indo-Pakistan. These educational institutions included, Darululoom-e-Dewband, Aligarh University،Nadwatul Ullama which served as great educational centers in the area and brought tremendous educational and sociao-political understanding in the people of subcontinent. This study is therefore designed to analase the services these of intitutions which is given here in details.&nbsp;</p> Dr. Sadaf Fatima Dr. Mutahir Shah Dr. Mohammad Rahman Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-08-05 2021-08-05 67 74 خوشحال خان خٹک کے کلام میں اسلامی فکر http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/95 <p>Khushal khan Khattak is the greatest Pashto poet. The poetry of Khushal khan khattak treats a wide range of different topics. Well known for his poetry as well as his multi dimential personality. He was a romantic poet, a worrier, a doctor and more. His poetry reflect various subjects including Islam one. A major portion of his poetry reflects Islamic thoughts, teachings. Khushal Khan Khattak has given place to different Islamic values like, mankind, honesty, brotherhood, wellbeing etc. In this paper his some values and contribution will be discussed in depth.</p> Dr. Noor Mohammad (Danish Baytani) Dr. Zia ur Rahman Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-08-06 2021-08-06 75 85 سامی مذاہب کے دینی ادب میں رشوت کی ممانعت کا تقابلی جائزہ http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/96 <p>Bribery is the practice of offering professional money or other favors in order to circumvent ethics in a variety of professions. It is a form of corruption and is generally illegal, or at least cause for penalties from professional organizations. This study focuses on the meaning and types of Bribery in Semitic religions, followed by the detailed discussion by elaborating the legal status of its various types from sacred text and interpretations. The literature review confirmed the research gap about the lack of scholarly work about the comparison of the ruling about bribery in Semitic religions. The descriptive method is used in the first part of the study along with an analytical and comparative approach in the discussion. Transactional and Variance bribery were discussed in detail. After analysis of the related texts about bribery in Semitic religions, the study concluded that Islamic teaching prohibited all types of bribery, however in Judaism and Christianity the transactional bribery is permissible, although it is not encouraged. Likewise, offering bribery to save guard personal rights or from any injustice is permissible in Islam. All Semitic religions discourage the practice of bribery and it is punishable accordingly.</p> Fahad Hameed Dr. Junaid Akbar Dr. Mohammad Ikram Ullah Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-08-06 2021-08-06 87 104 قياس تمثيل القرآني أسلوبه وإستخدامه http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/97 <p>Proverbs and Representations are the most important part of the divine statement. They have a prominent share in bringing out the facts of faith from their effective method of diagnosing persuasion and facts and differentiation at the time of disagreement and suspicion. Learning of the Qur’anic Proverbs is very important; the great scholar who is diligent must have learned them. So the proverbs mentioned in the Qur’an have a great fortune. The number of proverbs mentioned in the Qur’an with the Representation words is forty-two and the proverbs that were mentioned without the words of Representation, they are so many. So we must turn to the method of representation in the Noble Qur’an in order to notice the signs of God in his Holy Qur’an and its miracles. Al-Imam Al-Shafi’i approached that the mujtahid must know the science of proverbs because they are among the most important sciences of the Qur’an. In this Research Paper I present the meanings of the “Proverb” (Representation), its linguistic definition, its derivation, as well as some of the evidence from them, and then I show the occurrence of this type from the Holy Qur’an and its use among the Arabs before Islam, as well as mention some Evidence for them. The proverbs that came in the Noble Qur’an have many kinds, some of them are long and some are short, and some are apparent and authorized, and some are latent in which there is no word of the proverb, so I explain all its kinds. Various purposes and wisdom of the Proverbs (Representation) in the Holy Qur’an are also enlightened in this Paper.</p> Dr. Shabana Nazar Aabida Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-08-06 2021-08-06 105 119 المرأة في الخطاب القرآني (دراسة وصفية) http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/98 <p>The presence of women in Quranic discourse is a distinct presence. The Quran is narrating women’s stories and mentioning them in many verses. Which indicates the interest of Quran highlight importance of female figures. Islam came as a mercy and equality between men and women, as Islam and the Qur’an were the founders of an integrated and harmonious society. Qur’an came sublime principles for the reform the situation of women. The Qur’an has separated women's rights in terms of social, economic and religious. Islam has eradicated false beliefs, and gave women a degree that they did not attain in any other civilizations and religions, and privileges and entitlements that were not granted to her in any religions. The Quran mentioned women rights and duties, in the discourse of Qur’anic verses we find righteous woman was mentioned such as Umm Musa and Maryam, the daughter of Imran, and the disobedient woman, such as Noah’s wife. The research paper sheds light on the role of women and their image in the Qur’anic discourse, as mentioning them is a strong indication in clarifying the role of women in various domain of life, including being a queen and migratory.</p> Dr. Lubna Farrah Dr. Nosheen Bibi Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-08-06 2021-08-06 121 143 Moderation is the Greatest Quality of Islam (An Analysis of the Current Scenario and Islamic Context) http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/99 <p>Moderation is a middle way in Islam Since it is a religion of peace and harmony, it does not like extravagance and miserliness but encourages people to adopt the path of moderation for the sake of the survival of humanity. But the situation of the present society is changing radically. Today's man has forgotten the Islamic teachings due to which many immoralities are being created in the society. Such as greed, lies, deception, oppression, intolerance, and injustice, etc, to improve the situation, it is necessary to adopt Islamic teachings and live according to them. Hopefully this article will be very useful because of its specific field.</p> Dr. Zia-ur- Rehman Haseena Nisa Dr. Farooq Hussain Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-08-06 2021-08-06 01 07 Islam on Disability and Its Cultural Conceptualization http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/100 <p>The objective of this paper is the provision of an analytical and logical view to understand Islamic philosophy on physical disability with reference to some texts from the Qur’an and Sunnah. Being one of the three main global religions, Islam is a source of both complete and partial legislation in Muslim counties. The view of disability, however, may vary from country to country that causes barriers within society and differentiate between cultural practices and real Islamic perspectives on disability. Study briefly covers the part played by culture in creating the societal image of disability. It also gives some snapshot of the presence of efforts for the betterment of the disadvantageous segment of the society since the beginning of Islam and highlights that how Quran presented the idea of collective responsibility towards each other which was later adopted and approached by social model of disability and UNCRPD.</p> Shaista Naznin Dr Sadia Tabassum Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-08-06 2021-08-06 09 20 Deceased Organ Donation in the light of Islam http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/101 <p>And who ever saves one life as if he had saved mankind entirely. Altruism is divine gesture of humanism and an important principle of Islam. The lives of twenty seven individuals can be saved on the off chance that one individual consents to give organs after death, however, there is little awareness with respect to deceased organ donation. This paper aims to provide an unbiased summary of the legal opinions on deceased organ donation and the reasons for the debate as to whether it is reasonable or otherwise.</p> Rizwana Gul Dr. Farkhanda Zia Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-08-06 2021-08-06 21 31 Critical Analysis of Pakistani law of Electronic Evidence from the Perspective of Sharīʻah and English Law-Recommendations for Pakistan http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/102 <p>This article claims that law of electronic evidence in Pakistan lags behind from two perspectives. First, it is quite primitive from the perspective of modern development in legal rules in other states. Secondly, since the primary source of law of evidence in Pakistan is Qanun-e-Shahadat Order 1984, which is based on Evidence Act 1872 (A British Empire’s legislation in Indo Pak subcontinent). So, law of evidence in Pakistan does not carry basic principles of Sharīʻah regarding testimony and evidence. This article is aimed at exploring the shortcomings of law of Pakistan from both perspectives. Areas that are mostly relevant in this regard shall be discussed, like, oral testimony, authentication of evidence, expert testimony, circumstantial evidence etc. in this article.</p> Dr. Hafsa Abbasi Dr. Summayah Rafique Dr. Syed Naeem Badshah Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-08-06 2021-08-06 33 50 Education in Multilingual Context: An Attitudinal Survey of Usefulness of Languages Conducted In Religious Seminaries in Pakistan http://ojs.tahdhibalafkar.com/index.php/taa/article/view/103 <p>Madrassas (religious seminaries) in Pakistan has an independent curriculum for imparting religious education. Unlike schools and colleges, they give prime importance to Arabic language that is symbolic of the grandeur of Islam. English language in a majority of these institutions is given less or no value. Further, it is also not mandatory language for graduation in madrassas. However, English dominates the job market and cannot be ignored in the country. Thus, madrassa students are faced with learning Arabic, Urdu, Persian and English besides local languages for professional prosperity. The present study is a qualitative attempt to investigate language attitudes to measure the usefulness of these languages in the linguistic market of the county. The findings are based on 42 in-depth interviews of madrassa students and teachers selected through purposive sampling conducted in 6 madrassas situated in province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The study reveals that the languages are perceived useful in different contexts. Arabic is considered important for religious duties, Urdu for nationalism and English for access to good jobs and use of modern technology. The study concludes that madrassa community is well aware of the importance of languages in contemporary scenario and the earlier views that religious community downplay the importance of English have become less relevant.</p> Dr. Qaisar Khan Hasnain Raees Copyright (c) 2021 Tahdhib-al-Afkar 2021-08-06 2021-08-06 51 60