وجوه الترجيح عند الشيخ أمير علي في تفسيره مواهب الرحمٰن المسمىٰ بجامع البياندراسة تحليلية
A Research Analysis of The Grounds of Preference According to Shaikh Amῑr ‘Ali in his Tafsῑr “Mawᾱhib ur Raḥmᾱn" known as "Jᾱmi’ al-Bayᾱn”
Mūlvi Syed ‘Amῑr ‘Ali’s interpretation (Tafsῑr) of the Holy Qurᾱn named “Mawᾱhib-al-Raḥmᾱn” is a well-known work, published in Urdu language. The author of this interpretation is one of the reputed scholars and had high status in the Indian Subcontinent. His interpretation is authentic and has won broad acceptance by his contemporaries. It consists of both categories of tafsῑr, Tafsῑr bi-al-mᾱthūr (Narrated tafsῑr) i.e. saying of the Holy proghet (SAW), saying of his companions and saying of the followers of the companions, and tafsῑr bi-al-rᾱy (tafsῑr by opinion), i.e. issues of linguistics, grammar, theology, statements of the jurists, doctrines of jurisprudence, opinions of the scholars and interpretators. The basic distinct feathers of this tafsῑr is that the author of the tafsῑr discusses different personal opinions of the scholars and interpretators in the interpretation of verses, writes their evidences and he then unequivocally prefers one opinion among various opinions on the basis of solid reasons and principles. Mūlvi Syed Amῑr ‘Ali prefers to analytical method in his tafsῑr and his method for preferences is that after discussing different opinions and choosing one he says: “this is the most correct” or “this is true” or “this statement seems true”. Mūlvi Syed Amῑr ‘Alῑ’s preferences are based on eight solid principles and grounds, i.e. The Qurᾱn, authentic Hadῑth, apparent evidence of Qurᾱn, the reason for the revelation, the context concerned, general acceptance, the actual meaning of the word, and classical ‘Arabic. In this study, such principles and grounds would be examined and explained. It would be examined what are the grounds of his preferences and to what extent these preferences are applicable to the methods and principles deviced in the science of tafsῑr.