Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Islam: An Analytical Study of the Role of Mufti Mahmood

جمعیت علمائے اسلام: مفتی محمود کے کردارکا تنقیدی مطالعہ

  • Dr. Khalid Mahmood Lecturer of Pakistan studies, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Dr. Muhammad Abid Associate Professor of Pakistan Studies, Liaquat Govt. Degree College for Boys, Malir, Karachi, Pakistan.
Keywords: Religious, Politics, Mufti Mahmood, Martial Law, Freedom, Convention, Ulema.


Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Islam is considered the most active religious-political party in the practical politics of Pakistan. Mufti Mahmood was the most brilliant ameer (Leader) of this party without any doubt. Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Islam has passed through a number of progressive steps under his leadership. The party decided to take part in politics under the guidance of Mufti Mahmood. However, it was very difficult for an Islamic Religious Party to not only accept the western democratic system but also taking part in the politics. Under the directictions of Mufti Mahmood, the party first came out in support of Ayub Khan's dictatorship but then rallied against him. It was Mufti Mahmood who fully participated in the Pakistan National Allience against Bhutto and later supported General Zia-ul-Haq. It can be said that today Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam stands with the image of a religious political party with its strong political foundations. This image is derived from the thoughts and philosophy of its former Ameer Mufti Mahmood.